The coolant overflow tank, also known as a coolant reservoir or expansion tank, plays a crucial role in the cooling system of a semi-truck. Below are the key importance and functions of an overflow tank.
As the engine heats up during operation, the coolant inside the cooling system expands. The overflow tank provides a space for this expansion, preventing excessive pressure buildup within the cooling system. Without the overflow tank, excess coolant might be expelled from the system, leading to potential coolant loss and overheating.
When the engine cools down, the coolant contracts. The overflow tank serves as a reservoir to collect coolant that is expelled from the radiator due to this contraction. As the engine cools, the vacuum created in the cooling system can draw coolant back into the radiator from the overflow tank, helping to maintain the proper coolant level and preventing air from entering the system.
Preventing Air Ingress
Air can hinder the efficiency of the cooling system because it doesn’t transfer heat as effectively as coolant. The overflow tank helps prevent air from entering the cooling system during the contraction and expansion of the coolant. This is important for maintaining optimal cooling performance and preventing localized overheating.
Coolant Level Monitoring
The overflow tank typically has a coolant level indicator, allowing drivers and maintenance personnel to easily check the coolant level without opening the radiator cap. This makes it convenient to monitor and maintain the proper coolant level, ensuring the cooling system operates efficiently.
System Pressure Regulation
The overflow tank contributes to regulating the pressure within the cooling system. A pressurized system raises the boiling point of the coolant, preventing it from boiling at normal operating temperatures. This is important for maintaining the effectiveness of the cooling system and preventing overheating.
Coolant Overflow Tank
In summary, the overflow tank in a semi-truck is essential for managing coolant expansion, recovering expelled coolant, preventing air ingress, monitoring coolant levels, and regulating system pressure. These functions collectively contribute to the efficient operation of the cooling system and help prevent issues such as overheating and coolant loss. Order your surge tank today!